In 1901 the motley collection of states on this continent joined together to become the Commonwealth of Australia - they federated under a constitution. The federation style of domestic house is in celebration of this and construction straddled that significant event in our nation's history. The rage petered out come the deprivations around World War I.
Based on the Edwardian model from the UK, there were a dozen variations with a few gaining great popularity, especially the Queen Anne model, the Art & Craft model, and the domestic bungalow (spotlighted yesterday). What appealed then and still resonates today?
I have illustrated some of the more obvious details: but the roofline and the return verandah were structurally defining as well. It is probably the verandah that signifies the move from the Edwardian house, through the Federation house to the Californian bungalow of the post war period. Some details are obvious:
detailed fretwork in the gables and windows
details to posts and rails of the front patio, and
a sunrise motif in front gable signifying the dawning in the new century.
The suburb of Haberfield now has a conservation order on most buildings in the area to avoid unsympathetic alterations. Many houses were altered during the 1970s and now require another restoration. House names were used up until the mid 1930s with the introduction of telephone books requiring street numbers, with the most famous house name being "Emoh ruo".
An oft cited area of pristine Federation domestic houses is in the
Appian Way Burwood. I will take an excursion out there as soon as I have this house move bedded down.