Tuesday, 11 August 2009

Federation detailing

In 1901 the motley collection of states on this continent joined together to become the Commonwealth of Australia - they federated under a constitution. The federation style of domestic house is in celebration of this and construction straddled that significant event in our nation's history. The rage petered out come the deprivations around World War I.

Based on the Edwardian model from the UK, there were a dozen variations with a few gaining great popularity, especially the Queen Anne model, the Art & Craft model, and the domestic bungalow (spotlighted yesterday). What appealed then and still resonates today?

I have illustrated some of the more obvious details: but the roofline and the return verandah were structurally defining as well. It is probably the verandah that signifies the move from the Edwardian house, through the Federation house to the Californian bungalow of the post war period. Some details are obvious:
detailed fretwork in the gables and windows
details to posts and rails of the front patio, and
a sunrise motif in front gable signifying the dawning in the new century.

The suburb of Haberfield now has a conservation order on most buildings in the area to avoid unsympathetic alterations. Many houses were altered during the 1970s and now require another restoration. House names were used up until the mid 1930s with the introduction of telephone books requiring street numbers, with the most famous house name being "Emoh ruo".

An oft cited area of pristine Federation domestic houses is in the
Appian Way Burwood. I will take an excursion out there as soon as I have this house move bedded down.


Buenos Aires Photoblog said...

Very interesting! Thank you for your guided tour. I think learning about architecture is an excellent way to get to know a country.

J Bar said...

Beautiful features.
Sydney - City and Suburbs

Jacob said...

As I said before, I like these houses, and the details enlarged are very beautiful!

Joan Elizabeth said...

All of the old houses up here in the mountains also have house names. I've been thinking of doing a bit of a tour for BMJ. What is interesting is that these Federation Style homes does exist up here. That is the era of traditional timber mountain home.

Burnbrae is just ahead of federation but our neighbours were build in the early 1900s.

Fiona said...

We used to live in one growing up, and it was just gorgeous, everything was so beautifully proportioned and laid out, unlike nowadays.

Vogon Poet said...

The first photo is stunning per se and interesting as a detail for the rest of the 'lesson'. You used images perfectly and I was a bit embarassed only by not understandig quickly the obvious in Emoh Ruo... Great post, I hope you'll find soon the time for a trip to Appian Way.

brattcat said...

I love walking the beat with you, Julie.

Lois said...

I do enjoy looking at all the details! Each seems to have it's own personality.

Julie said...

New beat coming up, Brattcat! Once I move the boxes I will go for a walk with my camera even before I unpack it all.

BlossomFlowerGirl said...

Such attention to detail. The lacework was a work of art. Could you imagine cleaning the window though?

Stephany said...

The stained glass windows are gorgeous. I love fretwork, it adds so much character to older buildings and homes. Given the opportunity, I would add wagon-wheel fans to my breezeway opening and carved railing to the front and side steps. These are great captures, Julie.

Hels said...

These images are lovely, Julie. I was trying to verbally describe the details of Federation architecture in my post, but I think I will just refer readers to your photos via a link.

Do you believe Federation homes evolved any differently in the two main cities?

Art and Architecture, mainly