|Detail from the base of the memorial to Samuel Henry Harris|
Most of the convicts sentenced to transportation by the 'First Fleet' came from London, and the FF was thereby, quite multicultural. There were a number of Jewish convicts on the FF, but fewer than ten males, and there were 11 West African convicts on the FF. However, by 1850 there was still fewer than 1,000 Jews in the colony because of the difficulty of establishing congregations and therefore, valid Talmudic marriages. Of the first 250 Jewish convicts who arrived before 1820, only 45 married in Australia and ALL were married in the Anglican Church.
|The imposing memorial to Harris. Garcia is beside this memorial, and Napthali behind.|
On the first Sunday in May, I participated in a 'Convict' tour of Rookwood Necropolis, during which I stood at the graveside of: Samuel Henry Harris, who was sentenced to 7 years in 1833 for stealing one hundred pounds from his employers; Daniel Garcia who arrived in 1816 on the 'Morley' having received a life sentence; and, Michael Napthali, who arrived on the 'Glory' in 1818 having been sentenced to 7 years for stealing 100 glass lights.
|More of the base of Harris' memorial. The quote to repair the flaking sandstone around the base of the memorial was $50,000.|
The indent papers for Napthali describe him as 5'8", with a dark, ruddy, pockpitted complexion, dark hair and eyes, being blind on the left side. He was born in 1789, making him 29 years of age. He was indentured at Windsor nearly immediately, and in 1821 married 17 year old Fanny Dunn at St Matthews Church of England, Windsor. They had 11 children.
Coming out of his time in 1825, Napthali did not let grass grow under his feet. in 1826 he had a general store in York Street, and another in Pitt Street in 1828. My guess is serially, not parallel. In 1829 he was granted an unofficial liquor licence, and opened the "Shamrock, Rose, and Thistle' in Pitt Street, followed in 1830 by the 'Bunch of Grapes' at the corner of Pitt & Market, and the 'Bald Faced Stag' in George Street, and then the 'Ropemakers' Arms' on the corner of Market and York Streets in 1834. He was a seat-holder at the Sydney Synagogue in 1845, but was declared bankrupt in early 1847.
He died at his residence in George Street South on 22nd September 1847, aged 58, leaving Fanny, at the age of 43, with 11 children ranging from 22 years to 1 year. I have read in various places that he was buried at Windsor, or at Rookwood, or at Devonshire Sandhills Cemetery. Windsor is unlikely considering the distance and his family circumstances. Rookwood was not established until 1867, which leaves Devonshire Street. So when DS closed in 1901, his remains were moved by his very large number of descendents, to Rookwood.
|Garcia on the left, and Napthali on the right.|
Fanny, of course, had little option but to remarry, which she did in 1850 to William Everingham, who had the temerity to die in 1859, causing her to have to marry for a third time, this time to Roger Cain in 1863. She died in 1872 - after Roger - and is buried in Rookwood, but nowhere near Michael Napthali.
|Detail from the headstone of Michael Napthali|
|This is my contribution to the Taphophile Tragics community.|